WASHINGTON, April 8 - With hundreds of thousands of Haitians living in destitution as the country flounders under political, economic and climate wreckage, critics say celebrations of the inevitable profits of disaster capitalism have already begun between the right-wing President-elect Michel Martelly and his neoliberal allies in Washington.
In a statement released here Thursday, the chairman of the U.S. House Foreign Affairs Committee Ileana Ros-Lehtinen proclaimed, “Once Haiti’s new government is in place, it will be incumbent on its leadership to undertake… reforms necessary to allow all Haitians to participate in a formal economy.”
She went on to laud “new opportunities for U.S. companies seeking to do business in… Haiti as it continues on its path of recovery” under Martelly, who went by the moniker “Sweet Mickey” during his former career as a pop singer.
The March 20 elections were widely criticised, drawing a record-low turnout of just 22 percent of eligible Haitian voters, while tens of thousands formally boycotted the polls.
A release from the U.S. embassy in Port-Au-Prince reassured the world on Monday that, “The United States stands by the people of Haiti in their efforts to rebuild their country and realize their vision of a more stable, democratic, and prosperous nation.”
However, some political observers find this statement hypocritical in light of Washington’s history of promoting assembly-line wage-slavery and ousting Haiti’s democratically elected leaders.
“Since when did the so-called international community care about the will of the majority of Haitians, other than a handful of corrupt elitists?” Alex Dupuy, a professor of sociology at Wesleyan University and author of several books on Haitian politics, told IPS.
“When a huge mass movement brought [former president Jean-Bertrand] Aristide to power in the 1990s with an alternative programme that was far more progressive than what exists now, he was first removed and then forced to accept a much more destructive programme devised by the West,” he added.
“It’s ludicrous for the U.S. to talk about democracy in action – since they have never respected the agenda of the Haitian people when it did not accord with their preconceived ideas of what they could gain from Haiti.”
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The conversion of Haiti’s economy - from a self-sufficient agricultural producer into a nexus of urban super-slums populated by former farmers earning under a dollar a day producing garments for U.S. manufacturing companies like Levi Strauss & Co., the Gap, and American Eagle – is a story told exclusively from the standpoint of the winners rather than the victims.
When President Barack Obama instructed U.S. clothing companies to source one percent of their production from Haiti early last year in a program known as ‘Plus One’ – an effort designed to “help the earthquake-ravaged country get back on its feet” – he made no mention of the U.S.’s destruction of Haitian rice production in the 1990s.
The decision to force successive regimes to cut tariffs on rice imports – so that U.S.-subsidised grain could be dumped on the Haitian market at exorbitant prices – has since been deplored by countless observers, including the United Nation’s special envoy to Haiti Bill Clinton, who said last year, “[This decision] may have been good for some of my farmers in Arkansas but it was a mistake…I have to live every day with the consequences of the lost capacity to produce a rice crop in Haiti to feed the people because of what I did, no one else.” (IPS/GIN)