Five Votes Short

LOS ANGELES (AP) — Emboldened by months of phone calls to lawmakers, hunger strikes and sit-ins, a group of college students and graduates in Los Angeles say they plan to take their fight for immigrant rights to the states and the 2012 election after Senate Republicans blocked a key piece of legislation.

But it won’t be easy.

The Senate vote Saturday to toss the proposal that would have granted young illegal immigrants a route to legal status dealt a harsh blow to student activists who will face an even steeper uphill battle in the next Congress.

“Senate Republicans voted to block the DREAM Act, legislation to give 50,000 to 65,000 young people who were brought to America by their parents access to an affordable college education, U.S. citizenship, and eligibility to serve in America’s armed forces,” U.S. Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand of New York, an original co-sponsor of the legislation,” noted in a statement on Saturday.

“Across this country, tens of thousands of innocent young people today had a chance at better opportunities and a better future, but Senate Republicans put their politics and ideology before the future of America, and before our national security,” the senator continued.

“Current law unfairly punishes thousands of young people who grew up here and know only America as their home, and holds them back from making a contribution to our country’s military and economy.

“These young people deserve better. They deserve a chance at the American dream – to work hard, get a good education, serve in the military, earn their way to legal status, help grow our economy and keep our country safe. But today, they got gridlock and politics as usual from Congress,” Sen Gillibrand added.

U.S. Rep. Yvette D. Clarke of Brooklyn’s 11th Congressional District said while it saddens her “to see this legislation fall victim to the political games of those who are perpetually driven by fear, I will continue to fight for the millions of immigrant students and young people affected by our broken immigration system.”

“I have witnessed firsthand the detrimental effects that the immigration limbo has on these students, families and the community. It is a moral obligation to allow these young people a fair chance at fulfilling the American Dream.

“Let us never forget that when we turn our backs on those who come to these shores to become Americans, to help build our great nation and to embrace the American Dream, we are turning our backs on ourselves,” Clarke continued.

Chung Wha Hong, executive director of the New York Immigration Coalition, said on Saturday that “the U.S. Senate substituted political posturing and cowardice for leadership.” With an “eleventh-hour chance to pass the DREAM Act, the Senate chose to scuttle the opportunity for young people to fulfill their potential and contribute fully to our country, the only place they call home.

“To those Senators who obstructed this significant step toward investing in our youth and in our nation’s future, and toward repairing our broken immigration system—what a disgraceful, unconscionable abdication of responsibility. Especially to those who once championed the DREAM Act but now opposed it, you should hang your heads in shame.

Across the nation today, millions of Americans feel a deep sense of grief and betrayal. This is not the America we should be.

We will not let Congress off the hook. We will continue to fight for justice and opportunity, and stand up against destructive and divisive measures.

We thank the President, House Speaker Pelosi, and Senate Majority Leader Reid, the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, and all the members of Congress who worked hard for the DREAM Act.

At this juncture, if ever there were a moment we needed the President to live up to his promises, this is it. The ball is in his court to move on long-awaited, too-long-delayed reforms that fix our immigration system. The brave young people who brought us this far with their determination and sweat and tears deserve no less.”

N.Y. State Asemb. Nick Perry said opponents of the Dream Act “can attempt to shroud their bigotry with pseudo-patriotic, anti-terrorism rhetoric [but] a vote against the Dream Act was nothing short of [being} anti-American.

“These young men and women were merely following the blueprint for the American Dream, as laid out by the millions of immigrants who came to these glorious shores before them; who served their country, pursued an education, loved the U.S.A. and helped our country thrive and prosper,” added Perry, who is also chairman of the New York State Association of Black, Hispanic, Puerto Rican and Asian Legislators.

“There is simply no good reason that the Dream Act was not passed. As a naturalized American, who served in the U.S. military, and is now serving in the New York State Legislature, I am saddened and disappointed,” he continued

Rough Times

Immigrants see rough times ahead in the next two years, with many Republicans vowing to push for tougher immigration enforcement, but they also say Latino voters are getting fed up with lawmakers at a time when they are accruing greater political clout.

“This is a movement,” said Nancy Meza, a 23-year-old illegal immigrant and college graduate who wore a University of California, Los Angeles sweatshirt as she watched the televised vote. “We don’t have lobbyists and paid staff. It’s a movement by students.”

In the hours after the vote, Meza and about 50 other student activists who had gathered at the UCLA Downtown Labor Center said they would remind Latinos who stood by them — and those who did not — in the next election cycle. They will push for access to financial aid and drivers’ licenses in states more friendly to immigrants like California.

Few said the legislation, many called the Dream Act, had a chance in the next two years with Republicans taking control of the House of Representatives and a shrinking Democratic majority in the Senate. But they said that wouldn’t derail the networks they had set up across the country to support illegal immigrant students and help them reveal their status and learn to live unafraid.

Some at the UCLA center, including university student Leslie Perez, 22, wept as they watched the vote on a big screen.

Minutes after it was over, many donned jackets and umbrellas to take to the rainy streets of Los Angeles, chanting “undocumented and unafraid.”

Republicans might consider some kind of measure to help the students, but it would probably be much narrower, said Mark Krikorian, executive director of the Center for Immigration Studies, which advocates stricter limits on immigration.

“This has a real demoralizing effect,” Krikorian said of the student activists. “There’s only so long you can keep up these hunger strikes and all this political theater they’ve been engaging in, especially if there’s no specific target.”

Another challenge is students could wind up feeling excluded when they can’t work after graduation, despite their political activism.

“It may alienate the group we most want to incorporate,” said Louis DeSipio, a professor of political science at University of California, Irvine.

Immigrant rights groups said they planned to turn up the pressure on the Obama administration to slow deportations, end local police enforcement of immigration laws and look out for the students, many of whom publicly revealed their immigration status over the last few months.

Students also said they planned to fight for immigrant benefits — though it’s not legalization — locally as they’ve seen anti-illegal immigration activists do to pass tougher enforcement measures in states like Arizona.

“They’re winning by state, they’re winning by region,” said Cyndi Bendezu, a 25-year-old University of California, Los Angeles graduate who was brought to the United States from Peru when she was 4 years old. “We have to win smaller victories.”

Bendezu, who had been an illegal immigrant when she started college, attained legal residency through a relative’s petition. Now, she said she can’t wait to become a citizen to be able to vote.

Students said Saturday that momentum they had gained in recent months was bigger than the legislative defeat.

The legislation would have provided a route to legal status for immigrants who were brought to the United States before age 16, have lived in the country for five years, graduated from high school or gained an equivalency degree and who joined the military or attend college.

It targeted the most sympathetic of the 10 million to 12 million illegal immigrants living in the United States — those brought to the country as children, and who in many cases consider themselves American, speak English and have no ties to their native countries.

Critics of the bill called it a backdoor to amnesty that would encourage more foreigners to sneak into the United States in hopes of being legalized eventually.

The Mexican-born Meza said the vote makes it harder for her to finance graduate school to get a doctorate in education policy and become a professor.

But Meza, who came to the country when she was 2, said she’ll find a way — just as she did baby-sitting, tutoring and waiting tables to pay for college even though her degree now lies covered in dust in her living room, unused.

“It’s not going to stop my educational goals,” she said.

Closest Shot

The legislation was proposed almost a decade ago. But it got its closest shot at getting passed this year after students stepped up their activism by making thousands of calls to lawmakers and leading marches and demonstrations. Several activists were arrested for refusing to leave Arizona Sen. John McCain’s office.

The House of Representatives passed the measure earlier this month, but the Senate fell five votes short of the 60 needed to win its enactment.

Now, immigrant advocates who had touted the bill as a first push toward a broader legalization of immigrants will be working to deflect anticipated efforts by Republicans to ramp up restrictions on immigration.

“All of us are definitely preparing for much more defensive work,” said Marielena Hincapie, executive director of the National Immigration Law Center.

Caribbean Life reporter Nelson A. King contributed to this story.

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